Nuclear Energy

Enormous Energy which is released during nuclear fission or nuclear fission is often referred to as Nuclear Energy. While this nuclear energy is being processed they do not produce any green house gas emission and but can heat to produce steam which is used by turbine to produce electricity.

Definition of Nuclear Energy

Enormous Energy which is released during nuclear fission or nuclear fission is often referred to as Nuclear Energy. While this nuclear energy is being processed they do not produce any green house gas emission and but can heat to produce steam which is used by turbine to produce electricity.

Know more about Nuclear Fission

Technically speaking Nuclear energy is a form of elemental transmutation. As we know that every element in this Universe is made of atoms. We have nucleus in the middle of atom and it contains protons and neutrons. Electron revolves around the nucleus of the atom and has unit negative charge. Proton has unit positive charge and neutron has neutral charge. Nucleus of atom is bound with nuclear forces which keep the nuclear matter entangled together. The process of breaking the nucleus of atom using nuclear physics to two or more smaller nuclei with some byproducts particles is called nuclear fission.

Clear your doubts about Nuclear Fusion

The process of combining two or more atomic nuclei using nuclear chemistry to form one or more different atomic nuclei and sub atomic particles (neutron and protons). The mass in between the reactants and products is manifested as either release or absorption of energy.

Advantages of using Nuclear energy

  • Saves fossil fuels: – Fossils take millions of years in formation. They are source of petroleum products. If we do not switch to alternative sources of energy we might lose all fossil fuel and will have no fossil left for extracting petroleum products.
  • Lowers global warming:- As nuclear energy do not involve any green house gas in its production hence is effective way to produce energy through alternative means. In this way we can also reduce the global warming by switching to nuclear energy than getting energy from fossil fuels.
  • Lowers carbon contents in air:-Burning coal produces green house gases like carbon di oxide, carbon mono oxide etc. These gases are very harmful and cause respiratory diseases and breathing problems. They adversely affect the climate as well and have caused acid ran in many parts of the world.

Disadvantages of nuclear energies

It is not that there is no risk at all using nuclear energy.

Nuclear accidents do happen

The nuclear accidents are measured in various levels depending how much effect it has on nature and human. We have suffered 19 nuclear failures until now on earth. They include Three mile Island in 1979 , Fukushima ,6 in US 5 in Japan and 3 each in UK and Russia. These reports are available in Global Nuclear authority-International Atomic energy Agency official website as well. [Abrebriated as IAEA].

Nuclear Pollution

Just because nuclear waste is invisible does not mean it is clean. It can be both expensive to eradicate, and dangerous if the measures are not taken properly. Immediately after nuclear accidents nuclear fall out starts which can have whole generation of family suffering from common diseases.

Measures to avoid Nuclear accidents

Strong military protection to avoid war accidents. It is seen during war the target is chosen on those infrastructure which can impact for centuries. This is the first target of destruction hence should be protected with advanced military equipments radar etc.

Avoid nuclear accidents: – Installation of filtered and ventilated systems allows to easy diffusely to nuclear discharge in environment. It should be done in such way that nuclear harmful waste is lessen before getting in contact with environmental air.

(Author: Vipul Baibhav, Email id: infrasoftltd@gmail.com)

Wildlife Conservation

The word conservation means prevention from wasting useful natural resources in nature. Wild life conservation means prevention of wild life species and their habitants.

Wild Life Conservation and its goals

The word conservation means prevention from wasting useful natural resources in nature. Wild life conservation means prevention of wild life species and their habitants. Wild life is not confined to animals but also includes species of plants which are basically found in forest area. It is seen that many wild animals are killed or rare forest tress are cut for personal benefits. Due to this population of some species has gone so much down that they are close to extinction. If the rate of killing wild animals is not reduced there might be times when there will be no existence of these wild animals. To conserve wild life various sanctuary, National park or artificial forest are created by the government which is kept away from human society. But still the killings of animals are not stopped.

Steps taken by Government as well as NGO’s

  • IUCN (abbreviated for International union for conservation of nature) released list of extinct in the wild species in forests. They categorized these species of animals into CR [Critically endangered] , [EN]Endangered , and VU[Vulnerable]. Government also made wild life conservation society to look after endangered species. Police, army , border security forces, anti poaching agencies were deployed to reduce the killing of animals in jungle. The project tiger was a great success for government in India and have saved many tigers uptil now. Various laws were passed against illegal killing of identified wild life species. The popular act among them are Indian port acts, Bio diversity act , Coastal guards act, Deep sea fishing act, and Indian fisheries act.
  • BAP [Bio diversity Action plan] internationally recognized program was introduced to address the threatened species and restore biological system.
  • Non Government organization like The Nature conservancy, World wide fund for Nature [WWF] and wild Earth Guardians also takes initiatives to create awareness and raise fund for wild life protection.

Importance of wild life conservation

Wild life is important component of bio diversity and hence its conservation is important for maintaining ecological balance. It promotes tourism and is a source of revenue for governing body as well.  Helps in recyle of carbon and nitrogen cycle. Some wild life provides useful products like medicine, honey, wax, resin etc which can be wisely used to benefit humans. Research, Education, Law enforcement, wild life management is four significant areas of wild life conservation. Wild life helps to maintain the food chain and food web.

Wild Life Management

Application of all branches of sciences [Physics, chemistry, biology, micro biology, geography, climatology, & ecology] with mathematics for protecting wild life species in forest outlines the work of wild life management. The principles of wild life management include agronomy, Forestry, Soil sciences, Vertebrae psychology and behaviors, meteorology, & mammalogy etc. Wild life management can be classified broadly into 2 categories:-

Manipulative Wild Life Management:-Actively manipulating or changing the population of wild life is looked by Manipulative Wild Life management.

Custodian Management:- This wild life management looks for Protecting wild life habitats by minimizing human interaction.

(Author: Vipul Baibhav, Email id: infrasoftltd@gmail.com)