The word conservation means prevention from wasting useful natural resources in nature. Wild life conservation means prevention of wild life species and their habitants.
Wild Life Conservation and its goals
The word conservation means prevention from wasting useful natural resources in nature. Wild life conservation means prevention of wild life species and their habitants. Wild life is not confined to animals but also includes species of plants which are basically found in forest area. It is seen that many wild animals are killed or rare forest tress are cut for personal benefits. Due to this population of some species has gone so much down that they are close to extinction. If the rate of killing wild animals is not reduced there might be times when there will be no existence of these wild animals. To conserve wild life various sanctuary, National park or artificial forest are created by the government which is kept away from human society. But still the killings of animals are not stopped.
Steps taken by Government as well as NGO’s
- IUCN (abbreviated for International union for conservation of nature) released list of extinct in the wild species in forests. They categorized these species of animals into CR [Critically endangered] , [EN]Endangered , and VU[Vulnerable]. Government also made wild life conservation society to look after endangered species. Police, army , border security forces, anti poaching agencies were deployed to reduce the killing of animals in jungle. The project tiger was a great success for government in India and have saved many tigers uptil now. Various laws were passed against illegal killing of identified wild life species. The popular act among them are Indian port acts, Bio diversity act , Coastal guards act, Deep sea fishing act, and Indian fisheries act.
- BAP [Bio diversity Action plan] internationally recognized program was introduced to address the threatened species and restore biological system.
- Non Government organization like The Nature conservancy, World wide fund for Nature [WWF] and wild Earth Guardians also takes initiatives to create awareness and raise fund for wild life protection.
Importance of wild life conservation
Wild life is important component of bio diversity and hence its conservation is important for maintaining ecological balance. It promotes tourism and is a source of revenue for governing body as well. Helps in recyle of carbon and nitrogen cycle. Some wild life provides useful products like medicine, honey, wax, resin etc which can be wisely used to benefit humans. Research, Education, Law enforcement, wild life management is four significant areas of wild life conservation. Wild life helps to maintain the food chain and food web.
Wild Life Management
Application of all branches of sciences [Physics, chemistry, biology, micro biology, geography, climatology, & ecology] with mathematics for protecting wild life species in forest outlines the work of wild life management. The principles of wild life management include agronomy, Forestry, Soil sciences, Vertebrae psychology and behaviors, meteorology, & mammalogy etc. Wild life management can be classified broadly into 2 categories:-
Manipulative Wild Life Management:-Actively manipulating or changing the population of wild life is looked by Manipulative Wild Life management.
Custodian Management:- This wild life management looks for Protecting wild life habitats by minimizing human interaction.
(Author: Vipul Baibhav, Email id: firstname.lastname@example.org)